The carpets of the Beni Ouarain are always un-dyed, the weaver using predominately white wool with darker natural yarn for the design. Their attraction comes not from the almost invisible and inaccurate black diamond lattice design, but the silky soft pile that reflects light differently depending on each little irregularity, almost giving an illusion of soft colors.
Unlike other Berber carpets, the name Boujad refers not to a tribe but to the holy town of Boujad. This city 170 miles from Rabat is the center of Moroccan mysticism. It is also the center for many nomadic groups who came to the city to trade their carpets. Every design aspect of these carpets reveals the mysticism of the region.
M’tir in Arabic means ‘belonging to the birds.’ This Berber tribe’s carpets have a red purplish ground, with distinctive color changes throughout, giving them a feel of the barren terrain in which they live.
The Azilal are a sub tribe of Chleuh Berbers, their tribal territory is in between the High Atlas and the Anti Atlas. The traditional motifs are geometric and symmetry seems important. The designs are talismanic, with strong spiritual and mystical meanings for the weaver.
These freeform ‘rag rugs” from Morocco, known as Boucherouite, or Bu Sharwit the Arabic term for scraps of material did not exist until the mid 20th century. Necessity they say is the mother of invention, and that is true for these textiles. Through adversity and hardship these fantastic works of art were created.